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Book References & Weblinks


Abram, D. (1997) The Spell of the Sensuous, Vintage Books

Air Quality Expert Group (2017) The Potential Air Quality Impacts from Biomass Combustion, Defra

Allen, R. (2018) CITU – ‘How timber unlocks the carbon negative home’ lecture at Confor conference 14th December 2018, Newcastle

Archard, J., Taragon, S., Saunders, G., Pasteur, K. (2018) ‘‘A magnet for those who need it’: Woodland social enterprises and work with in-need groups’ in Ecos 39 (6)

Barnes, G. & Williamson, T. (2015) Rethinking Ancient Woodland - the archaeology and history of woods in Norfolk, University of Hertfordshire Press

Berners-Lee, M. (2019) There Is No Planet B – A Handbook for the Make or Break Years, Cambridge University Press

Blake, D. (2018) “The people’s polemic for wildlife: A divisive and shouty manifesto” in Ecos 39 (6)

Britt, C. & Johnston, M. (2008) Trees in Towns II, HMSO

Browning, G. (2019) ‘Rewilding, the view from a Wilder Lake District Valley’ in Quarterly Journal of Forestry Apr 2019 Vol113 No.2

Bryant, W. Logan (2019) Sprout Lands: Tending the Endless Gift of Trees, W.W. Norton & Company

Burns F., et al. (2013) State of Nature, The State of Nature partnership

Burton, V. et al. (2018) Reviewing the evidence base for the effects of woodland expansion on biodiversity and ecosystem services in the United Kingdom. Forest Ecology and Management 430 : 366-379

Cairngorms National Park Authority (2018) Cairngorms National Park Forest Strategy 2018, Cairngorms National Park Authority

Cantorello, E., Newton, A., Hill, R. (2011) ‘Potential effects of future land-use change on regional carbon stocks in the UK’, in Environmental Science & Policy 14 (40-52)

Capra, F. & Luisi, P.L. (2014) The Systems View of Life – A Unifying Vision, Cambridge University Press

Centre for Alternative Technology (2013) Zero Carbon Britain: Rethinking the Future, CAT Publications

Centre for Alternative Technology (2019) Zero Carbon Britain: Rising to the Climate Emergency, CAT Publications

Charter for Trees, Woods and People (2017)

Clifford, S. & King, A. (2006) England in Particular, Hodder & Stoughton Ltd

Common Ground (2008) Community Orchards Handbook, Common Ground

Committee on Climate Change (2018) Land Use: Reducing emissions and preparing for climate change

Committee on Climate Change (2018) Biomass in a low-carbon economy

Committee on Climate Change (2019) Net Zero: The UK’s contribution to stopping global warming

Committee on Climate Change (2020) Land Use: Policies for a Net Zero UK

Confor (2014) Eskdalemuir: a comparison of forestry and hill farming; productivity and economic impact, Confor

Confor (2015) Upland forestry in Wales Study: Analysis of Land-use economics and subsidies, Confor

Confor (2017) A Common Countryside Policy: Securing a prosperous green future after Brexit, Confor

Confor (2017) Farm Forestry, Confor

Confor (undated) Woodland carbon targets for the UK, Confor

Cooper, A. (Ed.) (2016) Arboreal, Little Toller Books

CPRE (2011) A little rough guide around the hedges, CPRE

Crane E, (2020) Woodlands for climate and nature: A review of woodland planting and management approaches in the UK for climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation. Report to the RSPB.

Crane, N. (2016) The Making of the British Landscape – From the Ice Age to the Present, Weidenfeld & Nicolson

Crawford, M. (2010) Creating A Forest Garden, Green Books

Dandy, N. (2018) ‘Woodland Social Enterprise – Innovation and resilience in the forest sector’ in Quarterly Journal of Forestry Jul 2018 Vol112 No.2

Dandy, N. & Wynne-Jones, S. (2019) ‘Rewilding Forestry’ in Forest Policy and Economics 109 (2019) 101996

Deakin, R. (2007) Wildwood: A Journey Through Trees, Penguin

Defra (2011) The Natural Choice: Securing the value of nature, Defra

Defra (2018) A Green Future: Our 25 Year Plan to Improve the Environment, Defra

Defra (2018) The Future Farming and Environment Evidence Compendium, Defra

Defra (2019) Agriculture in the United Kingdom 2018, Defra

Defra (2019) Clean Air Strategy, Defra

Devon Hedge Group (2014) Wood Fuel From Hedges, Devon County Council

Diaz, S. et al (2019) Summary for policymakers of the global assessment report on
biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, United Nations

Doick, K., (2017) The Canopy Cover of England’s Towns and Cities, Presentation at ‘Tree, People and the Built Environment 3’ Conference, Birmingham

Edwards, I., (Ed.) (2010) Woodlanders: New Life in Britain’s Forests, Saraband

EFRA (2017) Forestry in England: Seeing the wood for the trees, Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee

Farjon, A., (2017) Ancient Oaks: In the English landscape, Kew Publishing

Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (2014) The Forests in Germany, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Berlin

Fiennes, P. (2017) Oak and Ash and Thorn – The ancient woods and new forests of Britain, Oneworld

Font, A., Fuller, G.W. (2017) Airborne Particles from Wood-burning in UK Cities, Kings College London

Foot, D. (2010) Woods & People, The History Press

Forestry Climate Change Working Group (2018) Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation of forests, woods and trees in England

Forestry Commission (1994) The management of semi-natural woodlands, Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2001) National Inventory of Woodland and Trees - England, Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2004) The UK Forestry Standard, Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2010) The case for trees in development and the urban environment, Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2011) The UK Forestry Standard, Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2011) Common sense risk management of trees, Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2016) Woodland land cover by county, Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2017) Public Opinion of Forestry 2017, Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2019) Operations Note 46a The management of individual ash trees affected by ash dieback (Hymenoscyphus fraxineus), Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2019) Managing England’s woodlands in a climate emergency, Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission (2019) Provisional Woodland Statistics 2019, Forestry Commission

Fortey, R. (2016) The Wood For The Trees, William Collins

Forestry Commission (2020) Forestry Commission Key Performance Indicators: Headline Performance Update 31 December 2019, Forestry Commission

Forum for the Future (2018) Community Business in 2030

Friends of the Earth (2019) Finding the land to double tree cover, FOE

Fuller, G. (2018) The Invisible Killer: The rising global threat of air pollution – and how we can fight back, Melville House UK

Ghazoul, J. (2015) Forests – A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press

Goodall, C. (2020) What we need to do now for a zero carbon society, Profile Books Ltd

Griffiths, J. (2000) Pip Pip: A sideways look at time, HarperPress

Griffiths, J. (2008) Wild: An Elemental Journey, Penguin Books

Halley, D. (2019) Landscape history and land use in SW Norway, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research

Hambler, C. and Speight, M. (1995) ‘Biodiversity Conservation in Britain: Science replacing Tradition’ in British Wildlife Vol 6 No. 3

Hamer, E., (2011) ‘Agroforestry in the UK’ in The Land Issue 11

Hammond, A., Hassall, J., Harrison, C. (2017) Making London’s Woodlands Work, Lantern (UK) Ltd & Forestry Commission

Harmer, R., Kerr, G., Thompson, R. (2010) Managing Native Broadleaved Woodland, The   Stationery Office

Harrison, R. Pogue (1993) Forests: The Shadow of Civilisation, University of Chicago Press

Hart, R. (1991) The Forest Garden, The Institute for Social Inventions

Harwatt, H. & Hayek, M (2019) Eating away at climate change with negative emissions – Repurposing UK agricultural land to meet climate goals, Harvard Law School

Haskell, D.G. (2012) The Forest Unseen – A Year’s Watch in Nature, Penguin

Haskell, D.G. (2017) The Songs of Trees – Stories from nature’s Great Connectors, Viking

Hayhow, D., et al. (2016) State of Nature 2016, The State of Nature partnership

Hayhow, D., et al. (2019) State of Nature 2019, The State of Nature partnership

Helm, D. (2019) Green and Prosperous Land – A Blueprint for Rescuing the British Countryside, William Collins

Hemery, G. & Simblet, S. (2014) The New Sylva, Bloomsbury

Hemery, G., Petrokofsky, G., Ambrose-Oji, B., Edwards, D., O’Brien, L., Tansey, C., and Townsend, M. (2018). Shaping the future of forestry: Report of the British Woodlands Survey 2017

HETAS Technical Bulletin #9 (2018) Ready to Burn – Special Edition March 2018

Hodder, K., Bullock, J., Buckland, P., Kirby, K. (2005) Large herbivores in the wildwood and modern naturalistic gazing systems, English Nature Research Reports No. 648

Independent Panel on Forestry (2011) Interim Report, Defra

Independent Panel on Forestry (2012) Final Report, Defra

IPCC (2018) Summary for Policymakers. In: Global warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty

James, A. (2018) ‘Lessons from British Columbia: a high-performance, wood-based building industry to drive a low-carbon economy’ lecture at Confor conference 14th December 2018, Newcastle

Jannaway, K. (1991) Abundant Living in the coming age of the tree, Movement for Compassionate Living

Juniper, T. (2015) What Nature Does for Britain, Profile Books

Kirby, K. (2009) Guidance on dealing with the changing distribution of tree species, Natural England Technical Information Note TIN053 First edition 5

Kirby, K. (2018) Personal communication

Landreth, J. (Ed.) (2010) The Great Trees of London, Time Out Group Ltd

Law, B., (2001) The Woodland Way, Permanent Publications

Lawrence, A., & Ambrose-Oji, B. (2013) A framework for sharing experiences of community woodland groups, Forestry Commission

Lawrence, R. & Cheffings, C.M. (Eds) (2014). ‘A summary of the impacts of ash dieback on UK biodiversity’ JNCC Report No.501

Lawton, J, et al. (2010) Making Space for Nature: a review of England’s wildlife sites and ecological network, Report to Defra

Lent, J. (2017) The Patterning Instinct: A Cultural History of Humanity's Search for Meaning, Prometheus Books

Laybourn-Langton L, Rankin L and Baxter D (2019) This is a crisis: Facing up to the age of environmental breakdown, IPPR.

Lloyd, C. (2008) What On Earth Happened?, Bloomsbury Publishing Plc

Louv, R. (2005) Last Child in the Woods, Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill

Louv, R. (2016) Vitamin N, Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill

Mabey, R. (2008) Beechcombings, The Narrative of Trees, Vintage

Macfarlane, R. (2015) Landmarks, Hamish Hamilton

Monbiot, G. (2014) Feral, Penguin

Monbiot, G. (2017) Out Of The Wreckage, Verso

Moomaw, W.R., Masino, S.A. and Faison, E.K. (2019) ‘Intact Forests in the United States: Proforestation Mitigates Climate Change and Serves the Greatest Good’ Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 2:27.

Natural Capital Committee (2014) The State of Natural Capital: Restoring Our Natural Assets, Second report to the Economic Affairs  Committee

Natural Capital Committee (2015) The State of Natural Capital: Protecting and Improving Natural Committee for Prosperity and Wellbeing: Third report to the Economic Affairs Committee

Natural Capital Committee (2017) Advice to Government on the 25 Year Environment Plan

Natural Capital Committee (2019) State of Natural Capital Annual Report 2019, Sixth Report to the Economic Affairs Committee of the Cabinet

Newton, A. et al. (2019). Trends in natural capital, ecosystem services and economic development in Dorset, Bournemouth University, Poole, UK

O’Brien, L. (2006) ‘ “Strengthening heart and mind”: using woodlands to improve mental and physical well-being’ in Unasylva – Forests and human health. Issue 224 (Vol 57, 2006/2), FAO

Office for National Statistics (2020) Woodland natural capital accounts, UK: 2020

Packham, C. (2018) A Peoples Manifesto for Wildlife: Draft One – Chris Packham et al

Peterken, G. (1996) Natural Woodland, Cambridge University Press

Peterken, G. (1997) ‘Natural Forestry’, Tree News

Peterken, G. (2002) Reversing the habitat fragmentation of British woodlands, WWF

Peterken, G. (2015) ‘Woodland History in the British Isles – An Interaction of Environmental and Cultural Forces’ in Europe’s Changing Woods and Forests, Ed. Kirby & Watkins, CABI

Peterken, G. (2018) Personal communication

Priestley, S., Sutherland, N., (2016) Tree Planting in the UK, House of Commons Library, CDP 1016/0241

Public and Corporate Economic Consultants (2014) The Value of Shooting – The economic, environmental and social contribution of shooting sports to the UK, BASC

Pryor, S., Curtis, T., Peterken, G. (2002) Restoring plantations on ancient woodland sites, Woodland Trust

Rackham, O. (1990) Trees and Woodlands in the British Landscape, Dent & Sons Ltd, 2nd ed

Rackham, O. (2003) An Illustrated History of the Countryside, Weidenfeld & Nicholson

Rackham, O. (2010) Woodlands, Collins

Rackham, O. (2014) The Ash Tree, Little Toller Books

Raskin, B. & Osborn, S. (Eds.) (2019) The Agroforestry Handbook: Agroforestry for the UK, Soil Association Ltd

Raworth, K. (2017) Doughnut Economics, Random House

Read, D., Freer-Smith P., Morison, J., Hanley, N., West, C. and Snowdon, P. (eds.) (2009) Combating climate change - a role for UK forests, The Stationary Office

Reforesting Scotland (1994) Norway and Scotland: A study in land use, Reforesting Scotland

Rewilding Britain (2019) Rewilding and Climate Breakdown: How restoring nature can help decarbonise the UK, Rewilding Britain

Rogers, K., Jarratt, T., Hansford, D. (2011) Torbay’s Urban Forest – Assessing Urban Forest Effects and Values, Treeconomics

Rogers, K., Sacre, K., Goodenough, J., Doick, K. (2015) Valuing London’s urban forest, Treeconomics

RSA Food, Farming & Countryside Commission (2019) Our Future in the Land, RSA

Royal Society & The Royal Academy of Engineering (2018) Greenhouse gas removal

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2012) Cities and Biodiversity Outlook, Convention on Biological Diversity

Shackell, A. & Walter, R. (2012) Greenspace design for health and well-being, Forestry Commission

Sinden, N. for Common Ground (1989) In A Nutshell, Common Ground

Smith, J., (2010) Agroforestry: Reconciling Production with Protection of the Environment, Organic Research Centre

Smith, J. & Westaway, S (2020) Wakelyns Agroforestry: Resilience through diversity, Organic Research Centre

Smith, J. & Thompson, L. for Common Ground (2016) Tree Tales: A Celebration of Exeter's Trees, Little Toller Books

Smith, S., Rowcroft, P., Everard, M., Couldrick, L., Reed, M., Rogers, H., Quick, T., Eves, C. and White, C. (2015) Payments for Ecosystem Services: A Best Practice Guide. Updated edition Defra

Snyder, G. (1990) The Practice of the Wild, North Point Press

Spencer, J. (2018) ‘Forest Resilience in British Forests, Woods & Plantations – 1. the ecological components’ in Quarterly Journal of Forestry Jan 2018 Vol112 No.1

Spencer, J. (2018) ‘Forest Resilience in British Forests, Woods & Plantations – 2. Plantation forests of spruce and other conifers’ in Quarterly Journal of Forestry Jul 2018 Vol112 No.3

Spencer, J.,  (2018) Personal communication

Spencer, J. (2019) ‘Forest Resilience in British Forests, Woods & Plantations – 3. Past and Future Forests in Britain’ in Quarterly Journal of Forestry Apr 2019 Vol113 No.2

Spencer, J. & Field, A. (2019) ‘Forest Resilience in British Forests, Woods & Plantations – 4. Forestry practice and 21st century challenges’ in Quarterly Journal of Forestry Jul 2019 Vol113 No.3Stephenson, A., MacKay, D., (2014) Life Cycle Impacts of Biomass Electricity in 2020, DECC

Stephenson, N. et al. (2014) ‘Rate of tree carbon accumulation increases continuously with tree size’ in Nature 507, 90-93

Sutherland, N. (2018) ‘Superwood – Lessons from Scotland’ lecture at Confor conference 14th December 2018, Newcastle

Swade, K., Walker, A., Walton, M., Barker, K. (2013) Community Management of Local Authority Woodlands in England, Shared Assets

The Wildlife Trusts (2010) A Living Landscape, The Wildlife Trusts

Thompson, R., Humphrey, J., Harmer, R., Ferris, R. (2003) Restoration of Native Woodland on Ancient Woodland Sites, Forestry Commission

Tree, I. (2018) Wilding, Picador

Trillion Trees (2017) Summary note on the Trillion Trees vision – final 1, Wildlife Conservation Society, WWF-UK and BirdLife International

Tubby, I. (Forestry Commission Woodfuel Policy Advisor) (2018) Personal communication

Tudge, C. (2006) The Secret Life of Trees, Penguin Books

UK Biodiversity Action Plan (ed. Ant Maddock) (2008) Priority Habitat Descriptions

Urban Forestry and Woodlands Advisory Committee (2015) Our Vison for a Resilient Urban Forest, Urban FWAC Network

Wells, M. (2011) Using research to justify and direct urban forestry programs in New York City, Presentation at ‘Tree, People and the Built Environment’ Conference, Birmingham

Williams, M. (2006) Deforesting The Earth, University of Chicago Press

Williams, R. (2019) ‘Afterword’ in This Is Not A Drill – An Extinction Rebellion Handbook, Penguin Random House UK

Williamson, T., Barnes, G., Pillatt, T. (2017) Trees in England – Management and disease since 1600, University of Hertfordshire Press

Wilson, P. (2017) The Modern Timber House in the UK – New Paradigms and Technologies, Arcamedia Ltd

Wohlleben, P. (2017) The Hidden Life of Trees, William Collins

Wohlleben, P. (2018) The Secret Network of Nature, The Bodley Head

Wolfe, M. (2001) Functional Biodiversity, Elm Farm Research Centre

Woodland Trust (2005) The conservation and restoration of plantation on Ancient Woodland Sites, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2011) Community ownership for woodland management and creation, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2011) The State of the UK's Forests, Woods and Trees, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2012) Trees Outside Woods, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2013) The Pontbren Project, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2014) Woodwise: Woodland Conservation News, Summer 2014, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2015) The Economic Benefits of Woodland, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2015) The Role of Trees in Arable Farming, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2017) Space for People: Targeting action for woodland access, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2017) Putting Down New Roots: Essays on woods, trees and the landscape of the future, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2018) Sustainable land management: Putting trees and woods at the heart of a new sustainable land management policy, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2018) Wood Wise – Reintroducing Lost Species, Woodland Trust

Woodland Trust (2020) Emergency Tree Plan for the UK: How to increase tree cover and address the nature and climate emergency, Woodland Trust (2011) Research Report: Why People Buy Small Woodlands & How They Manage Them

WWF (2012) Barking up the right tree? WWF

WWF (2018) Living Planet Report - 2018: Aiming Higher. Grooten, M. and Almond, R.E.A.(Eds). WWF, Gland, Switzerland

Xu, Y. et al (2019) ‘Assessment of Productivity and Economic Viability of Combined Food and Energy (CFE) Production System in Denmark’ in Energies 2019, 12, 166

Weblinks (as of Spring 2020)

Agroforestry in Europe

Ancient Tree Forum

Ancient Tree Inventory

Biofuelwatch re biomass  

Brighton & Hove Wood Recycling Project

Centre for Alternative Technology – Zero Carbon Britain

CITU homes

Committee on Climate Change

Common Ground

Community Wood Recycling

Community Woodland in Wales / Llais y Goedwig

Community Woodlands (England)

Community Woodlands Association (Scotland)




Forest Industry Safety Accord (FISA),

Forest Research

Forest Research

Forest Research

Forest School Association

Forest Stewardship Council

Forestry Commission - Chalara ash dieback

Forestry Commission - Tree Diseases -

Forestry Commission – Tree Pests & Diseases -

Forestry Commission - Tree Pests

Forestry Commission – Urban Forestry

Forestry Commission

Forestry Commission Public Opinion of Forestry 2019

Forestry England

Foundry Wood in Leamington Spa

Friends of the Earth – Double UK tree cover

Greenspace Design for Health and Well-being

Grown in Britain


Independent Panel on Forestry Final Report


Knepp – Rewilding

London Air Quality

Making Local Woods Work

Monbiot – Rewilding

myForest Woodland Management website

National Forest Inventory

National Tree Safety Group

Natural Resources Wales

Northern Ireland Forest Service

Opportunity Mapping

Organic Research Centre

Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification

Raworth – Doughnut Economics

Rewilding Britain

Royal Forestry Society

Scottish Forestry

Small Woods Association

Soil Association – Agroforestry

Suzanne Simard (2016) TED Talk on 'How Trees Talk To Each Other' (Mycorrhizae)

Sylva Foundation

The Wild Network, Rewilding Childhood

The Wildlife Trusts Living Landscape

Tree ecosystem services

Tree Wardens

Trees For Cities

Trees for Life (Scotland)

Trillion Trees

UK Forestry Standard

UK Forestry Standard


Wakelyns Agroforestry

Wild Ennerdale

Wildlife Trusts

Woodland Potential Calculator

Woodland Trust - Nature Detectives

Woodland Trust – PAWS Restoration

Woodland Trust – Visiting Woods

Woodland Trust tree planting

Woodland Wildlife Toolkit


As a supplement to 'Living With Trees', here are all the reference materials and weblinks used in researching and writing the book.

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